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In the simplest terms, a disciple is defined as one who accepts and assists in spreading the doctrine or teaching of another. A disciple is a follower or a convinced adherent of another. Specific to Christianity, a disciple of Jesus is one who accepts, obeys, and teaches the doctrine or commands of Jesus (Mt. 28:20, John 14:15, John 14:21).

Biblical discipleship contradicts the systematic assimilation programs utilized by many churches that move someone from the parking lot to church membership with minimal effort and commitment. Based on the emphasis many leaders place on church attendance and giving numbers, pastors and church leaders appear satisfied with program-driven ministry that produces church members and increased attendance rather than disciples that make disciples.

Perhaps this is best evidenced by the emphasis placed on measuring effectiveness by the number of people participating in church programming rather than discipleship and disciple making. For example, Willow Creek Community Church made this sobering observation when in 2004 they surveyed their 15,000 plus members and discovered that many of those surveyed were spiritually dissatisfied despite their participation in Willow Creek’s ministry programming.[1] The Willow Creek leadership concluded that their years-long effort to build the church through heavy spiritual programming resulted in less spiritually mature believers. Simply put, large ministry gatherings, church services, and ministry events do not produce obedient followers of Jesus.

Missionaries Steve Smith and Ying Kai observe that making disciples is in stark contrast to making church members. Smith and Kai state, “What did Jesus invite His followers to become? Disciples. Not simply church members. A disciple must learn everything that his teacher teaches him. Then he needs to follow and to teach other people.”[2]

Dallas Willard agrees: “A disciple is a learner, a student, an apprentice—a practitioner, …disciples of Jesus are people who do not just profess certain views as their own but apply their growing understanding of life in the Kingdom of the Heavens to every aspect of their life on earth.”[3] In addition to being a learner and practitioner, Willard adds that disciples should multiply themselves “He told us, as disciples, to make disciples. Not converts to Christianity, nor to some particular ‘faith and practice.’”[4]

Michael Wilkens adds that “discipleship was not simply a program through which Jesus ran the disciples. Discipleship was life. That life began in relationship with the Master and moved into all areas of life.”[5]

Brad Young states, “the word for ‘disciple’ in Hebrew is talmid (plural: talmidim). It means ‘learner,’ one who is open to change and is actively seeking to learn how to live life to its fullest potential in the kingdom of heaven.”[6]

Wilkens, Young, Willard, and others define a disciple as a learner or a student that is actively seeking to change. A disciple is one who is dedicated to following their teacher or master in hopes of becoming like them. As Young emphasizes, a disciple desires to change and learn to live as their master desires. It is important to note that the expectation for the disciples of Jesus involved more than learning but also becoming.

Disciples are expected to represent the Kingdom as ambassadors who speak and work on behalf of Jesus in their daily lives. Disciples, however, are not expected to sit idly as members of an organized religious club or an elite organization; rather, they are expected to become a representative or ambassador of the Kingdom of God (2 Cor. 5:20, Ephesians 6:20).

Followers of Jesus are expected to become like Jesus. The process or path to become like Jesus is called Discipleship. Discipleship is the method by which a disciple is taught, shaped, or trained. If the problem facing the Western church is discipleship, then the answer is to discover the most effective method and process to disciple men, women, and children.

Based on the statistical trends mentioned earlier, Biblical discipleship, although discussed and explored frequently, is missing in the 21st century church. We are on a mission to help followers of Jesus to rediscover disciple-making and church planting through simple, reproducible tools.

[1] Greg L. Hawkins and Cally Parkinson, Move: What 1,000 Churches Reveal About Spiritual Growth (Grand Rapids, Mich: Zondervan, 2011), 17.

[2] Steve Smith and Ying Kai, T4T: A Discipleship Re-Revolution: The Story Behind the World’s Fastest Growing Church Planting Movement and How It Can Happen in Your Community!, 1st edition (Monument, CO: WIGTake Resources, 2011), 40.

[3] Dallas Willard, The Great Omission: Reclaiming Jesus’s Essential Teachings on Discipleship, 1st ed (San Francisco, Calif.: HarperSanFrancisco, 2006), Kindle pg. 116.

[4] Willard, Kindle pg. 126.

[5] Michael Wilkins, Following the Master, 124. [6] Brad H. Young, Meet the Rabbis: Rabbinic Thought and the Teachings of Jesus, Illustrated edition (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2007).

For the past three years, we have preached the need for men, women, and children to be immersed in a genuine biblical community outside the four walls of the church. Worshipping together on a Sunday morning is necessary and good, but meeting with other Christians during the week is equally, if not more important, than gathering on Sunday morning for one hour. Christ is formed in us when we meet regularly, when we submit to the Holy Spirit, submit to one another, read scripture together, hold one another accountable, and allow the truth of God's word to shape and form our beliefs and practices.

Following Jesus is communal and depends on every man, woman, and child to participate in the life of the church. Scripture describes a community of ordinary men, women, and children responding to the Gospel, getting baptized, immediately gathering in homes, sharing meals, praying, discussing the word of God, and fellowshipping with regularity. In this community, the adults include their kids in this newfound life in Christ. Perhaps the sudden departure from following Jesus found throughout America, especially among the younger generations, is a lack of modeling and practicing in environments that allow youth and kids to participate and witness their parents live out their faith in Jesus.

A simple and healthy church consists of several elements identified in Acts 2:36-42

  1. As a result of the Gospel preached, people repented of their sins and were baptized in the name of Jesus and were filled with the Holy Spirit.

  2. These new believers devoted themselves to the word of God, prayer, the breaking of bread (sharing their meals, including communion), and fellowship.

  3. These believers were unified and generous by meeting the needs of those around them.

  4. They met from house to house with sincere, glad, and humble hearts.

  5. This results in goodwill among all the people, and the Lord added to the number daily.

This Simple Church format is the primary vehicle to disciple men, women, and children. The Simple Church format will form Christ in the believers by allowing them to encounter Jesus in a meaningful, interactive setting that empowers them to go and do the ministry's work.

Updated: Jul 3, 2023

How did we get here?

Let me introduce myself.

My name is JJ Hefley and I am the Lead Pastor of Gospel City Church.

Me and my wife, Brandi, began this journey back in August of 2019. We were called to serve at what was Christ Chapel Warner Robins.

Over the past four years, the Lord has moved us from a traditional, legacy church to a disciple-making, church planting, movement focused church. The journey has been difficult and frustrating, however, we believe that the Lord is shifting the paradigm in the Western church.

How did we get here? Three years ago, I began researching the decline of men in the church. Long story short, I concluded that the overall problem is a discipleship problem. The reality is that the American church is failing to disciple men, women, and children.

As a result, we began to reimagine the church and simplify our method. The way forward involves mobilizing existing believers to share the Gospel, make disciples, and plant missional communities throughout our community.

The birth of the church is highlighted in Acts 1-2. After the disciples are filled with the power of the Holy Spirit, Peter preaches the Gospel to thousands of men, women, and children. After the Gospel proclamation, the crowd states, "What must we do to be saved?" Thus, the church is born as 3,000 men, women, and children repent of their sins and get baptized.

I can't emphasize this enough; the church was born because Peter, full of the Holy Spirit, stood up and proclaimed the Gospel to people far away from God. What happens next is a simple but effective gathering of new believers as they devoted themselves to prayer, the sharing of meals, the Apostle's teaching, and fellowship. Acts 2:42-47 details how the early church gathered and served one another:

  1. As a result of the Gospel, people repented of their sins and were baptized in the name of Jesus.

  2. These new believers devoted themselves to the word of God, prayer, the breaking of bread (sharing their meals, including communion), and fellowship.

  3. These believers were unified and generous by meeting the needs of those around them.

  4. They met from house to house with sincere, glad, and humble hearts.

  5. This results in goodwill among all the people, and the Lord added to the number daily.

Following Jesus requires simple obedience. Following Jesus involves dying to self. Jesus calls his church to follow him and become fishers of men. Reimagining does not mean forgetting God's faithfulness to the past but acknowledging that the current paradigm is flawed, and change is needed. It means to put our faith and trust in Christ alone and boldly walk into the future in the power of the Holy Spirit to accomplish God's mission to go and make disciples.

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